International Symposium on
Digital Libraries and Knowledge Communities in
Networked Information Society

Electronic Proceedings

March 2 - 5, 2004
Kasuga Campus, University of Tsukuba (Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan)

Sponsored by:

In cooperation with:
The National Science Foundation (USA)
DELOS Network of Excellence on Digital Libraries (EU)
Japan Society of Library and Information Science


Our information and knowledge environment has been and continues to be affected by the dramatic developments of the Internet. Rapid progress in mobile and ubiquitous communication technologies is accelerating the change.

The "digital library" is broadly recognized as a key component in the networked information environment - a means of sharing information and knowledge in our society not only today but in the future. Since the mid-1990s, there have been substantial efforts to develop practical technologies for digital library services. Starting in the scholarly and professional communities, the development of networked information has already brought about significant changes in publishing and in information-seeking behavior - not just of scientists and professionals but of the general public as well, including children. The Internet has been adopted as a major part of corporate and government information infrastructures and is already an integral part of our information lifelines.

All of these have brought significant changes not only to individuals but also to our communities. While the Internet serves as part of the information infrastructure for traditional communities rooted in geographical location, it is also enabling the formation of knowledge-centric communities based on intellectual interest.

DLKC'04, which is the fourth international symposium on digital libraries in Tsukuba, is planned as a forum to discuss these changes and the new directions of our networked information society. As in the previous symposia, ISDL'95, '97 and '99, DLKC'04 provides broad perspectives on digital libraries and knowledge communities, from information technologies to the humanities and social sciences. We believe this cross-disciplinary forum will bring novel concepts and technologies together and create new ideas for our information and knowledge-centric society.

We would like to thank Dr. Steve Griffin of the National Science Foundation and Dr. Constantino Thanos of the DELOS Network of Excellence on Digital Libraries for their kind cooperation with DLKC'04. In addition, we would also like to thank the Japan Society of Library and Information Science for their support. We would like to express our special thanks to Infocom Corporation for their support to this symposium and to our research activities based at the Institute of Library and Information Science and the Research Center for Knowledge Communities, University of Tsukuba. Last, but not the least, many thanks to all committee members involved in DLKC'04.

Koichi Tabata, Symposium Chair
Hirotoyo Ishii, Executive Committee Chair
Shigeo Sugimoto, Program Committee Chair

Symposium Organization

Symposium Committee Chair

Executive Committee Chair

Program Committee Chair

Symposium Committee

Local Arrangements Co-chairs

Publicity Chair

Registration Chair

Website Chair

Publications Chair

Program Committee

Table of Contents

Transforming Knowledge Communities through Cyberinfrastructure
Daniel E. Atkins (University of Michigan, USA)
pp. 1-8.

The Interaction of Community and Individual Practices in the Design of a Digital Library
Christine L. Borgman (UCLA, USA)
pp. 9-17.

Disruptive Technologies, Innovation, and Digital Libraries Research - The Case of a Billion Dollar Business
Yi-Tzuu Chien (WTEC, USA)
pp. 18-23.

User-Powered "Context-Free" Approach to Image Retrieval
Takeo Kanade and Shingo Uchihashi (Carnegie Mellon University, USA)
pp. 24-32.

Digital Libraries in Chemistry: Providing Access to Chemical Structure Information
Peter Willett (University of Sheffield, UK)
pp. 33-39.

Information Seeking Behavior in Peer-to-Peer Networks: An Exploratory Study
K. Y. Chan and S. H. Kwok (The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong)
pp. 40-47.

Implementation of Metadata for OmniPaper RDF Prototype
Tomoko Yaginuma, Teresa Susana Mendes Pereira, C\'esar E. Ariza \'Avila, Ana Alice Baptista (University of Minho, Portugal)
pp. 48-55.

Metadata++: A Scalable Hierarchical Framework for Digital Libraries
Mathew Weaver, Lois Delcambre (Oregon Health & Science University, USA), Timothy Tolle (USDA Forest Service, USA)
pp. 56-63.

Network Community Oriented Information Sharing System for Databases
Yuka Egusa, Masao Takaku, Hidehiro Ishizuka (University of Library and Information Science & University of Tsukuba, Japan)
pp. 64-71.

Assessing Digital Library Services: Approaches, Issues, and Considerations
John Carlo Bertot (Florida State University, USA)
pp. 72-79.

Social Intelligence Design and Communicative Intelligence for Knowledgeable Community
Toyoaki Nishida (University of Tokyo, Japan)
pp. 80-87.

Bridging the Past and Future: Scholarly Communication in the 21st Century
Carl Lagoze (Cornell University, USA)
pp. 88-96.

Creating and Customizing Digital Library Collections with the Greenstone Librarian Interface
Ian H. Witten (University of Waikato, New Zealand)
pp. 97-104.

Aggregation, Integration, and Openness: Current Trends in Digital Libraries
David Seaman (Digital Library Federation, USA)
pp. 105-110.

Digitizing Cultural Heritage: A Case Study of Taiwan
Jieh Hsiang (National Taiwan University, Taiwan)
pp. 111.

Maintaining a Vocabulary: Practices, Policies, and Models around Dublin Core
Thomas Baker (Fraunhofer Gesellschaft, Germany)
pp. 112-119.

The New Development of Digital Libraries in China
Wei Liu (Shanghai Library, China)
pp. 120-127.

Developing Community Oriented Metadata Vocabularies: Case Studies
Shigeo Sugimoto, Wonsook Lee, Mika Murotani, Mitsuharu Nagamori (University of Library and Information Science & University of Tsukuba, Japan), Mitsuyoshi Moriyama (Okayama Prefectural Culture Center, Japan)
pp. 128-135.

Cultural Heritage Online : Information Access across Heterogeneous Cultural Heritage in Japan
Noriko Kando and Jun Adachi (National Institute of Informatics, Japan)
pp. 136.

Graduate School of Library, Information and Media Studies, University of Tsukuba
Research Center for Knowledge Communities, University of Tsukuba

Maintained by Atsuyuki Morishima (
Last updated September 1, 2004.